1. Fire problem. Travel with more than one source of fire, such as: lighter (various types), matches, fire, etc. It is best to carry a camping stove, gas tank or fuel tank. Keep an eye on whether the campsite is in the fire zone, or you may need to avoid the violation. Before making a fire, prepare some dry and fine firewood (slightly thinner than chopsticks), put it on the bottom of a heap of stones, and then put the thick wood on top of it. When it rains or when the firewood is wet, you can split the thick wood to remove the wood from the middle, and then make the kindling (a machete or other tool).
Tip: 1) on the wind, don't put the fire in the tent of the windward, and keep a certain distance with tents 2) left and earth-rock gland will extinguish fire with water, and must check if the fire is extinguished 2. Camping Seeking security, shelter, dry, level off the heights of the camp. Pay attention to the surrounding environment, such as: whether there are rockstones, wind direction, animal nests, honeycomb, etc. Try not to camp by the river, and the water level will not change unless you are sure it is dry. The camp does not depend on water side, mosquito more. Tip: 1) around the camp, whether there is the danger of landslides, avalanches, flash floods, 2) camp near water, had better water convenient 3) if you want to consider the firewood nearby fire 4) rain or the rainy season, according to the condition of topography and pay attention to dig around the tent drain 5) pay attention to the wind fixed tents, large wind determine ready again after 6) bed rest is best put valuables, clothing, food accounted for (if account and space), and ready to self-defense tool. 3. Prepare cold oil, wind oil, red oil and other drugs for outdoor life. Leggings can effectively prevent leeches, snakes and other creatures from attacking their legs. Snakes can be prepared by a large number of venomous snakes. Tip: 1) encounter large wild animals (e.g., bear, leopard, rhinoceros, etc.) and avoid screaming and running. Animals generally do not attack humans actively unless they are frightened and mistakenly believe they are attacked. Calm at this time are probably the only magic weapon 2) only a few poisonous snakes in the world is aggressive and active attack, unless you accidentally stepped on it, it might be angry self-defense 3) such as unfortunately be bitten by the snake (when unable to judge whether the snake when toxic processing), in addition to the emergency treatment, psychological will smooth your survival may improve several times 4. Nutritional supplements in the field through a long time, energy is used up big, sweat is much, the body vulnerable to loss of salt, electrolyte disturbance, the phenomenon such as malnutrition, it will seriously affect the physical and health, sometimes even dangerous. So be timely. Tip: 1) carry beef jerky, chocolate, and nutritious food of high quantity of heat for a rainy day 2) synthesis of vitamin tablets, to carry a 3) daily to add salt every day, eat salty foods, such as: pickle, etc
4) the fruit punch is a good electrolyte balance drink (and, of course, a lot of it), which is usually added to the kettle at any time. 5. Thermal problems in many areas, such as: desert, mountains) day and night temperature difference is bigger, some through the altitude rising big also can appear a few hours there is a larger temperature difference (altitude rising temperature drops, vertical 1000-6 / m). It is necessary to keep warm, especially before and after a lot of sweating. To tip: 1) to the lowest temperature area may be fully estimated, corresponding to warm clothes and choose appropriate sleeping bag (2) when the clothes wet by rain or sweat, the rate of heat dissipation is amazing, at this time to change into dry underwear as soon as possible. There are conditions to choose the underwear of quick-drying fabrics such as coolmax. 3) higher cold areas require more professional equipment and knowledge. 6. Other related questions 1) climb and fall unless you have to, take more detours, and don't try dangerous climbs and drops, especially when you are alone and carry heavy loads. Like must climb, should bear, empty handed down, climbing and equipped with auxiliary rope or webbing sling 2) balance when through danger (such as wooden bridge, wading, cliff, etc.) should remember the backpacks of chest and belt loose, to ensure timely quickly unload and insurance car lost pawn 3) road in addition to the special region, such as desert, don't venture along many lost are occurred in the case of low visibility, and the road is very easy to slip. When you have to walk the night, a headlamp is the best, and the flashlight will take up one hand, which is not conducive to balance protection. 4) when the water is in the unknown depth and under the water condition, don't be involved. Try your best to find out. Try not to wade through the water with your shoes, because they are easy to slip and puncture, and be careful of the rocks in the water. They are often very smooth, and you will miss them if you are not careful. Before starting to other water flow make full estimate editor's note: if you're long hiking, a few times before you leave the best for fitness training, increase carry momentum gradually, in order to enhance endurance. Hiking should take all the remaining visible rubbish away. The long journey should be at least the non-biodegradable garbage patch, until there is a unified garbage dump. So you have to take the garbage bag. Protecting the environment is everyone's responsibility. If is hiking, must pay attention to their own personal safety, if a team together, learn to take care of his teammates, cultivate the spirit of solidarity and collaboration, so during the journey will have unexpected harvest! Have a good trip to your friends!